Added: Letoria Hasler - Date: 20.10.2021 16:07 - Views: 36238 - Clicks: 4796
Challenging students to higher order thinking and to accomplish things they deem as difficult actually motivates deeper learning—when done so effectively. Find or create a problem for students to solve based on upcoming course content rather than just explaining it to them. Solving problems offers a good opportunity for students to apply, and extend, their cognitive energies.
By presenting a problem to solve before you teach the necessary content to do so, you push them to work hard to make sense of the problem and provide motivation for learning new material. In a math class, for instance, give them a problem that uses techniques you have been teaching but which also requires something new you have not yet taught. When they get to that part of the problem they cannot solve, you introduce the new concept.
Remember that real-world problems often present the most complexity as well as motivation for students to apply knowledge. Remember that this is just an example of how to get started with this Teaching Method. Baudier and Traci R. Stromie, Kennesaw State University. Download PDF. Many students sit passively in ill-defined lectures and take multiple-choice exams on which they regurgitate facts instead of applying the concepts in authentic ways.
Students are seldom asked to complete asments that require making moral or ethical decisions, drawing conclusions, evaluating decisions, or working cooperatively toward a common cause across disciplines. However, research shows that. This teaching method is also strongly related with IDEA learning objectives that stress cognitive knowledge, application, critical thinking, and interest in life-long learning. Students are stimulated to greater intellectual effort when they become engaged with the content and the course and make an investment in their own learning.
Students will be stimulated not only when they are challenged, but also when they see that they can successfully meet the challenges that are presented. In particular, consider techniques and practices that will develop reciprocity and cooperation among students, encourage active learning, and communicate high expectations.
For example, have small groups of students do such things as generate or summarize ideas, assess levels of skills and understanding, rethink ideas, review problems or exams, process learning outcomes at the end of class, provide formative feedback to the teacher, compare and contrast key theories or issues, relate theory to practice through problem solving, and produce ideas about applications of theory to real life 7. Research indicates that students often perform at a higher quality when they share their writing or other work with each other than when the instructor is the only one who sees the work.
Case studies that are centered on real-world issues or are connected to service learning projects, where there is a tangible connection to a recognized local need, are ideal. You can create your own case studies or simulations, use published ones, or have students create their own.
In all interactions with your students, communicate high expectations. As Chickering and Gamson 6 note, being explicit about expectations can help students reach high levels of intellectual effort. One way to be clear about expectations is to incorporate student contracts in your course. Contracts describe the academic work students plan to accomplish in a particular period of time. The keys to a good contract are clarity, relevance, manageability, commitment, and oversight.
Another way to make your high expectations explicitly known to students is by using rubrics for asments and activities. Rubrics provide students with the information about how to be successful on an asment Making rubrics available to your students will create transparency which gives them a guide to follow and high-level performance criteria to which they can aspire. Providing your students with clear objectives helps to communicate your goals for their learning. Creating higher-level objectives, and the activities and assessments aligned with those, will allow students to become more actively engaged in ificant learning experiences These experiences give students the opportunity to increase their intellectual effort, allowing them to analyze and solve problems, evaluate ideas and information to make educated decisions, and de and create new products.
Online learning can be powerful when everyone is involved, engaged, and thinking about concepts on a deep level. This happens when faculty de and deliver their courses to encourage active learning activities. Active learning in online courses can be achieved through student interactions, such as having students work in groups to complete a project, requiring students to participate in asynchronous discussions, and incorporating manageable peer instruction asments. Online instructors are more likely than face-to-face instructors to offer collaborative experiences, many times through structured discussions One benefit of online teaching is the ability to construct class discussions in advance.
In order to create valuable dialogue in your course:. Properly deed and facilitated discussions can become the center of an online course and a place where you can move students to think beyond remembering and understanding material to higher levels of application and evaluation. Another way for your online students to engage in active learning is by incorporating technology tools.
You should be cognizant of your rationale for including these tools and communicate that reason to your students. Any tool incorporated into an online course should enhance the learning process, make completing tasks more efficient, and motivate students without overwhelming them with technology. Often, when students see what they can accomplish with particular digital tools, they are motivated to push themselves beyond what they thought they could do.
However, instructors should be aware that utilizing Web 2. Providing students with ample tutorials, help documents, and institutional support centers are simple ways to empower your students to solve technical problems Alignment of learning objectives, activities, and assessments throughout an online or face-to-face course should be obvious to students. Providing measurable and observable objectives allows students to identify what they will be learning and how they will show mastery. These objectives will also help you create assessments and activities that align with the desired course outcomes.
It is important to align the assessment with the objective of the asment and the learning activity in which students engage. You will not want to assess student learning using multiple choice tests when your learning objective is to analyze case studies; nor will you want to have students write an essay when you are asking them to collaborate on a service-learning project. In online situations, alignment of all course components may pose new assessment challenges to the instructor.
Student satisfaction with online courses correlates to proper alignment between assessments and the entire course Angelo and Cross categorized a large assortment of techniques into clusters organized by teaching goals If you want to assess discipline-specific knowledge and skills, Cluster III would provide you with some appropriate assessment tools. When students and instructors work together, they can successfully stimulate intellectual effort beyond what is required for most courses.
Well-deed courses that include clearly stated objectives, collaborative experiences, and active learning strategies are the first steps toward achieving this goal. By engaging in these activities and taking control of their learning, students can make ificant gains in their learning. Modifying Plans to Excite Deeper Learning. What sparks deeper learning is not always neatly predictable. This requires flexibility, quick decision-making, and deft plan-tweaking.
In this video, Dan Levy uncovers his thought process in one such classroom moment and explains his decision to withhold a correct answer from his students. The cliffhanger serves to kindle curiosity among students, many of whom conclude the week energized and eager to deepen their understanding. Stimulated students to intellectual effort beyond that required by most courses Challenging students to higher order thinking and to accomplish things they deem as difficult actually motivates deeper learning—when done so effectively. In order to create valuable dialogue in your course: Take time to create meaningful, open-ended questions that require students to not only understand and cite concepts, but also to apply the knowledge in new, personal, and authentic ways Make sure student participation requirements are clear.
Have students make multiple posts throughout the discussion availability period, stay on topic, and weave in personal experience or prior course concepts if possible Grade some student work lightly, perhaps just on completion, to encourage risk-taking. Modifying Plans to Excite Deeper Learning What sparks deeper learning is not always neatly predictable.Intellectual stimulation needed
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