Looking for the one out of 5

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Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please to request a format other than those available. Content is archived. PDF version. In , Canada had a foreign-born population Footnote 1 of about 6,, people. They represented Between and , around 1,, foreign-born people immigrated to Canada. These recent immigrants made up Asia including the Middle East was Canada's largest source of immigrants during the past five years, although the share of immigration from Africa, Caribbean, Central and South America increased slightly.

The vast majority of the foreign-born population lived in four provinces: Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec and Alberta, and most lived in the nation's largest urban centres. Nearly 6,, people identified themselves as a member of a visible minority group. Of these visible minorities, A small proportion 4.

Combined, the three largest visible minority groups-South Asians, Chinese and Blacks-ed for As was the case with the immigrant population, the vast majority lived in Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec and Alberta. The visible minority population had a median age of Footnote 2. Of the immigrants who had a single mother tongue, close to one-quarter Among those whose mother tongue was other than Canada's two official languages, Chinese languages were most common, followed by Tagalog, a language of the Philippines, Spanish and Punjabi.

Three-quarters In many cases, immigrants who could speak more than one language reported knowledge of English or French, in tandem with a non-official language: Another 2. As well, 0. Just over Roman Catholics roughly 12,, were by far the largest Christian group, with adherents to the United Church the second largest group about 2,, Slightly over 1 million individuals identified themselves as Muslim, representing 3. Hindus represented 1. More than 7. Roughly 4. This analytical document contains the from the NHS on immigration, place of birth, ethnic origin, visible minorities, language and religion.

Specific information on the quality and comparability of NHS data on immigration and ethnocultural diversity can be found in the series of reference guides for these topics. Canada is a multicultural society whose ethnocultural make-up has been shaped over time by immigrants and their descendents. Each new wave of immigration has added to the nation's ethnic and cultural composition. Over time, patterns of immigration have shifted. Historically, most immigrants came from Europe.

More recently, the largest group of newcomers to Canada has come from Asia including the Middle East. Data from the National Household Survey NHS showed that Canada is a nation with an ethnocultural mosaic as indicated by its immigrant population, the ethnocultural backgrounds of its people, the visible minority population, linguistic characteristics and religious diversity. According to the first data from the NHS, Canada had a total of about 6,, foreign-born individuals who arrived as immigrants. Many of Canada's foreign-born have lived in the country for many years, while others were relative newcomers.

Around 1,, foreign-born people immigrated in Canada between and Together with immigrants who came during the first five years of the millennium, nearly 2,, immigrants made Canada home during the last ten years. Among the G8 countries, Canada had the highest proportion of foreign-born population Outside the G8 member states, Canada's proportion of foreign-born was behind that of Australia.

In , Canada's immigrant population reported close to countries as a place of birth in the NHS. On a regional basis, Asia including the Middle East remained Canada's largest source of immigrants between and Among all recent immigrants who arrived between and , roughly , or This proportion was down slightly from In contrast, immigrants born in Asia ed for 8.

About , European-born immigrants arrived in Canada between and They comprised the second largest group of newcomers and ed for Prior to the s, immigrants born in European countries such as the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany and the Netherlands ed for most of the immigrant sources countries. In the NHS , more than three-quarters of the immigrants who reported coming to Canada before The share of European-born immigrants from subsequent periods of immigration has declined steadily. The NHS showed a slight increase in the share of immigration from Africa, Caribbean, Central and South America during the past five years.

Between and , about , immigrants arrived from Africa, This was up from In contrast, individuals born in Africa ed for 1. People born in the Caribbean, Central and South America represented The share peaked at As well, at 3. The NHS showed that the Philippines was the leading country of birth among people who immigrated to Canada between and Footnote 3 In , around , newcomers were born in the Philippines, It was followed by China, from which roughly , newcomers or Of the recent immigrants who were born in Africa, the three leading countries of birth were Algeria, Morocco and Nigeria.

Colombia, Mexico and Haiti were the top three source countries of newcomers from the Caribbean, Central and South America region. In , the vast majority In comparison, these provinces ed for The two provinces with the largest shares of people born outside the country were Ontario, where around 3,, immigrants or Overall, their share of immigrant population was higher than their share of Canadian population.

About , foreign-born people lived in Quebec, These four provinces were also home to the majority of recent immigrants who arrived between and Of the 1,, newcomers, 9 out of every 10 settled in Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia and Alberta.

Ontario received They were the only two provinces whose share of newcomers had declined, when compared with the Census. In , Ontario had received The decline in the share of newcomers in these two provinces was due to a shifting of shares to the other provinces. Quebec was home to It took in the second highest share of recent immigrants, after Ontario.

Another In , the shares of recent immigrants in the three Prairie provinces were 9. A smaller share of newcomers lived in the Atlantic provinces in 0. Nonetheless, when compared with the Census, the Atlantic provinces also experienced a slight increase in their shares of newcomers. Immigrants, especially recent arrivals, were much more likely to live in the nation's largest urban centres than people born in Canada. Of Canada's 6. In contrast, the three CMAs ed for slightly over one-third By far, the CMA of Toronto had the largest share of foreign-born of these urban centres, About 2,, immigrants lived in Toronto in ; they ed for Of all immigrants in Ontario, 7 out of 10 lived in Toronto.

Vancouver was home to , immigrants, They ed for Calgary had the fourth highest of immigrants, at just under ,, or 4. Ottawa - Gatineau, which was home to 3. The propensity of immigrants to settle in the largest urban areas was even greater among newcomers. The NHS data showed that most of the 1. Slightly over three-fifths In contrast, slightly over one-third Just over , newcomers settled in Toronto, about one-third They made up 6.

In comparison, in the Census, They ed for 5. Vancouver received just over , newcomers, They represented 6. These centres were followed by census metropolitan areas on the Prairie provinces. Calgary took in 6. The share of newcomers in both Winnipeg and Calgary in was almost twice their share of Canada's total population. For more information on census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and selected census subdivisions, please refer to the NHS Focus on Geography Series , Catalogue no.

People tend to migrate when they are relatively young.

Looking for the one out of 5

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Part of Us: A Data-Driven Look at Children of Immigrants